Providing Clean Drinking Water for Rural Communities

Kyampisi Subcounty is situated in Mukono District just about 25 km north of Mukono town which lies at the main road from Mukono to Kayunga district. You can make a positive impact and lasting difference– donate now online to support this program/project! Thank you

The Subcounty has app. 52,900 inhabitants who exclusively live on subsistence farming. Kyampisi can be reached only with private cars or motorcycle taxis. Thus the economic situation is especially difficult.

The water supply for most of the 56 villages making up the Subcounty are ponds downhills in a distance of several kilometers. These water places are accessible only by walking through small slippery paths.

The ponds are completely unprotected and hygienically extremely insufficient. From there people carry the water for drinking, cooking and body care in 10 and 20ltrs jerry cans. This takes 2 to 3 hours per day reducing time for learning for students and work time for adults.

Area info and Project Data:

Region: Kyampisi Subcounty
Area: 126.3 km²
Population: 52,900 Population [2020] – Projection

Gender: Males – 25,900, Females – 27,000

Project data:

Duration: Since January 2021
Donors: Private donors & grants
Program: Kyampisi Subcounty Development Agenda – 2021-2031




To provide clean drinking water for rural local people, and improve levels of hygiene with a particular focus on ensuring that local children are able to attend school.

The Proposed Project:

Ssamba Foundation is working to provide an improved supply of clean drinking water for the local people by constructing protected boreholes in Kyampisi Subcounty while implementing hygiene measures to reduce the spread of sickness, and provide support for school going children – who often suffer severe disadvantages, for example missing out on school, because of poor sanitation.

The existing water places are in a very poor condition. They are fed by ground water but without a confinement; groundwater mixes with surface flow that is contaminated by excreta from cattle, sheep and chicken that graze in the surrounding. The poor water quality leads to frequent diarrhea diseases that can be life-threatening especially for children.

Currently access to bucket water is possible only on slippery trunks. This means a risk of injuries and there is a danger of falling into the water with all possible consequences. The water places are also frequented by young children and most of the rural people often cannot swim. These dangers are to be reduced.

Personal hygiene during menstruation is a challenge for many of the girls in the area. This means that large numbers of them miss out on school during their periods, or even leave education completely. Providing girls with soap, underpants, and reusable sanitary pads; as well as helping teachers to spread hygiene techniques, and overcome prejudices associated with menstruation helps to prevent this from happening, as does the construction of washrooms and rain water harvesting tanks at schools.

By a comprehensive construction of boreholes, the time needed to collect water will significantly be reduced. The gained time can be used for learning and work.

The aims of this project are:

  • To improve the living conditions in Kyampisi, to avoid rural exodus
  • Improvement of the health situation through improvement of water quality and reduction of accident risk.
  • Improvement of the conditions for education and gainful work by reducing the time needed to collect water and avoiding the accident risk.


Construction of protected hand-dug boreholes:

Our team of experts will dig sustainable affordable borehole by hand, using simple tools like a pick and shovel, with a bucket on a rope to remove cuttings. This is oldest and probably the most frequently-used method of getting access to groundwater.

Making hand dug wells requires only common tools and skills. Where labor costs are low, this is usually the least costly method of well construction. In an aquifer with low permeability, a large diameter hand dug  borehole may produce more water than a borehole in the same aquifer.

The boreholes will be protected by sealing the walls, pouring a concrete apron, putting a lid over the top, and installing a hand pump.

Training of villagers who are responsible for the water places in care and maintenance of the water facility:

During the first months after completion of the construction of the borehole, Ssamba Foundation will together with the villagers and the already established water committees work out a plan for control and maintenance measures.

Going along with this they will also calculate the future maintenance costs so that the water committee can permanently collect funds and necessary measures can be conducted immediately. Two workshops each with two Ssamba Foundation staff persons will deal with these topics.

Counselling / Training of all villagers about water hygienisation techniques:

Depending on the achieved quality of the raw water further measures on household level might be necessary to assure safe use for drinking, cooking and child care. Three workshops will be held to inform and train the population about necessity and the options for water hygienisation. The options are sedimentation and filtration, solar disinfection, chlorination and cooking

Target group of the project: group of persons, number of people:

The project will be beneficial to

30,580 adult village inhabitants, students at local schools and children through improvement of the water quality, less time consumption for water collection and reduction of the accident risk when collecting water and the time needed for water collection reduces the time for learning and leisure.

Responsibilities of target group and the local organization take in this project:

Already there is an organizational structure established, that will assure sustainable safety and maintenance of the water facilities. Altogether 10 persons are namely assigned to the water committees of each village.

Sustainability of the project (financial/continually):

The large number of inhabitants who are willing to take responsibility for the water supply facilities, the short time needed to assign these people and their direct concern indicates that the engagement towards the water supply issues can be sustained on the long run.

Ssamba Foundation is active in Mukono District and other parts of Uganda since 2006. Ssamba Foundation is also constructing a community social centre within the Subcounty, a child development centre is already operational since 2015, an HIV/AIDS support Center operational since 2013, a Youth Development Centre operational since 2014, Farmers’ support centre operational since 2012 and a Community Library will be launched in 2022. This is a long-term development project and it means, Ssamba Foundation will continue to stay in the area carrying out various development projects.

Long term benefit of this project:

The improvement of the health situation and the time resources for training and income generating work will on the long run improve the income situation. Thus rural exodus of the rural population can be stopped.

Project impact on environmental resources like forests, water bodies, soil, cultural Assets:

The project will lead to a moderate withdrawal of ground water; the protected borehole still requires walks of relevant distance. Thus an excessive usage of the ground water resources is not expected.

Since water collection traditionally is done by women and children those groups will especially benefit from the targeted alleviations.

Local leader of the project:

Project leadership and financial responsibility is taken by Isaac Ssamba, Founder/Executive Chairman of Ssamba Foundation and the Water Development Team at Ssamba Foundation.


  • Training and information campaigns on the topic of basic hygiene, as well as courses for teachers and parents
  • Distribution of soap to households
  • Distribution of sanitary pads to schoolgirls, training in their proper application
  • Installation of rain water harvesting systems at local schools
  • Training in horticultural technology and tree care
  • Distribution of garden tools to households
  • Distribution of seed and orchard replants
  • Installation of 100,000 liter tanks at the community resource centre
  • Drilling of boreholes and rehabilitation of existing water sources
  • Establishment of solar powered water distribution
  • Distribution of water canisters for the safe storage and transport of water
  • Distribution of feminine hygiene materials to schoolgirls in menstrual age
  • Establishment of kitchen gardens using surface water at boreholes
  • Reestablishment of water committees to maintain water sources
  • Distribution of solar lamps to improve night safety
  • Construction of water tanks, with pump system, and water collection points as well as washing areas.
  • Creation of gardens to prevent stagnant waters and insects breeding at water collection points
  • Training Water User Committees on the topic of water conservation and security and maintenance of facilities
  • Providing Water User Committees with garden tools, seeds, and equipment for quality water testing


For more information, please email:

Ssamba Foundation – empowering vulnerable communities since 2006