Semliki National Park is located in Bwamba county; a remote part of Bundibugyo district in western Uganda. It was gazetted as a national park in October 1993 covering 194 sq km.
The park lies on Uganda’s border with Democratic Republic of Congo, the Rwenzori Mountains to the south-east and Lake Albert to the North. The park borders the Semuliki and Lamia rivers which are watering places for animals.
The park is situated in the Albertine rift-the western arm of the great East African rift. It’s located on a flat undulating landform that ranges from 760-770m above the sea level.
The park experiences an average rainfall of 1250m with peaks in rainfall from March-May and September-December. Many parts of the park experience flooding during the wet season. Temperatures at the park vary from 18-30°c with relatively small daily variations.
Special features of Semuliki National Park include;
Semuliki national park has two hot springs in a hot mineral encrusted swamp. One of the springs-Mumbuga spring appears like a geyser forming a 0.5m high fountain. These hot springs attract a large number of shore birds and act as a source of salt for many animals.
The vegetation of the park is predominantly medium moist evergreen to semi deciduous forest with cynometra alexandri as the dominant plant species. There are also tree species of a more evergreen nature and swamp forest communities.
The park has more than 400 bird species for example the Lyle-tailed honey Guide.216 of these species are true forest birds including the rare forest Ground Thrust and Sassi’s Olive Greenbul.Nine species of the hornbills have been recorded in the park.
The park has over 60 mammal species which include forest Buffaloes, Leopards, Hippos, Mona monkeys, water Chevrotains, Bush babies, Civets, Elephants and the pygmy flying Squirrel. Also, nine species of duikers are found in the park including the bay duiker.
The park boasts of eight primate species and almost 300 butterfly species.
The park is therefore an ideal place for visitors to engage in bird watching, game drives across the savanna grassland,hiking through the 13 kilometers Kirumia trail and visit the hot springs where water is hot enough to boil eggs and plantain.