The Alikua Pyramid

The Alikua pyramid in Maracha district, the only visible surviving legacy of the nineteenth century Belgian occupation of the West Nile region.

When you mention pyramids, the only thing that rings a bell in the minds of some Ugandans, are the Egyptian ones they learnt about in primary school. Little do they know about a pyramid located in Alikua village, Yivu Sub-county Maracha district.

The bumpy and dusty half-hour ride from Arua on the dusty-potholed road leads you to the over 100year old Alikua pyramid. The pyramid was constructed by the Belgians after the signing of the 1911 agreement between Belgium and the British Protectorate.

It was built by Belgians to signify that they were the first whites to occupy and settle there. There is also a claim that the Belgians buried a bottle in which their year of entry in the area was placed. Alikua was the administrative headquarters of the region the Belgians called Mt Wati district in the defunct Lado state that was exploited as a private property of King Leopold II.

The five-metre long structure is made up of stone and mud. The Belgian government stopped funding its maintenance 40 years ago.

The Alikua pyramid was highly protected during the reign of County Chief Kamure, whose territory extended from Maracha to Adumi in Ayivu County.

It was heavily guarded by the British Protectorate soldiers when West Nile officially became part of Uganda.

This was after the signing of the 1911 agreement. The Belgians came from then Zaire (now DR Congo), which West Nile was part of. The pyramid came into existence because the Belgians settled in Alikua- then an upcoming trading centre where it stands.

Ssamba Safaris organizes tours to west nile, every after three months, so you can join our Secrets of the west nile tour to explore this amazing pyramid in Maracha.

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