In many rural areas of Uganda, thousands of people don’t have access to pure clean water. Many vulnerable people die of water borne diseases like Bilharzias, Typhoid, and other water bone related diseases. Ssamba Foundation believes that water and sanitation improvements affect health primarily by interrupting or reducing the transmission of disease agents.
Ssamba Foundation established the Project WASH (Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Projects Uganda)– with an aim of improving water quality and Sanitation for the rural population: Increasing Access to Safe Water and Sanitation Services in Rural Uganda.
To enhance access to safe water supply and hygienic sanitation across the vulnerable rural areas of Mukono District, the Ssamba Foundation has invested in the construction of community boreholes, spring wells, hand-washing stands and household latrines. Since 2012, over 39,134 people in rural areas across Mukono district were provided with access to improved water sources under the project.
The Challenge: Ssamba Water Projects Uganda
Kyampisi Subcounty is situated in Mukono District just about 48 km north of Mukono town which lies at the main road from Mukono to Kayunga district. The Subcounty has approximately 52,900  inhabitants who exclusively live on subsistence farming. The Subcounty has over 56 villages and most of the villages can be reached only with private cars or motorcycle taxis. Thus the economic situation is especially difficult.
Kyampisi Subcounty has one of the highest population densities in Mukono District, with 93 percent of the population, living in rural areas. While improved water supply coverage in rural Mukono is now above 67 percent, water quality still poses a significant challenge.
The quality of sanitation coverage is another area of concern. Mukono district has almost completely eradicated the practice of open defecation, but a Ssamba Foundation study revealed that only 37 percent of the country’s latrines are hygienic, while 35 percent are unclean. Recognizing these serious quality challenges, the Ssamba Foundation Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Projects Uganda developed a District Sanitation Strategy to promote the concept of a hygienic latrine with the intention that people gradually move towards this technology.
Approach and Strategy
In response to the water and sanitation crisis in Mukono District, since 2012, the Ssamba Foundation has supported vulnerable rural communities of Mukono district to improve safe water availability. Built on the experience of earlier projects in Nakagere Village, Goma Subcounty, the Ssamba Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Projects Uganda launched in 2016, applied a participatory approach to ensure community input and a robust monitoring process to promote independence and transparency.
The project is focusing on increasing the provision of safe water and hygienic sanitation in the rural areas of Mukono District, particularly Kyampisi Subcounty, targeting 5 parishes and 56 villages. With a portfolio of water investments of almost over Ugx. 300 millions and a team of water experts, the Ssamba Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Projects Uganda is uniquely positioned to address the need of water supply in rural communities of Uganda.
Results: Ssamba Water Projects Uganda
The project WASH contributed to the following results from 2012 to 2020:
- Construction of 6 protected spring wells, by upgrading of water ponds.
- Rehabilitation of 7 existing broken water boreholes.
- Construction of 8 brand new boreholes across rural areas.
- Construction of hand washing stands and tee-pee taps at community schools.
- Construction of hygienic toilets for needy households.
- Construction of rain water harvesting structures,
- Provision of sand water filters to needy families
The Ssamba Foundation conducted a detailed assessment of the number of households accessing water points and estimated that there were 39,134 beneficiaries. 5 household latrines were constructed, providing improved sanitation access to over 100 people.
Rural communities located in Mukono District and those who have no access to safe clean water are the main beneficiaries from the project. Increasing the quantity of water allows for better hygiene practices. Raising the quality of drinking water reduces the ingestion of pathogens. With less disease, children can eat and absorb more food, thereby improving their nutritional status.
Also, a healthier adult population is a more productive population, and improvements in water and sanitation can improve income and the capacity to acquire food. Other benefits associated with better water delivery include time savings for primary caregivers, which can result in the preparation of more or better food for children.
Throughout the implementation of our projects, the Ssamba Foundation coordinates its efforts closely with the Mukono District Council and Sub-counties, village leaders, specifically with the Department of Gender, Labour and Social Development.
To respond to COVID-19, the Project WASH is critical for both containing the virus and lowering its immediate impact and aftermath. Two priority areas were identified as part of the emergency response:
- Safe WASH services in rural healthcare facilities to deliver quality health services; protect patients, health workers, and staff; and to prevent further transmission. The Ssamba Foundation 2020 WASH report in Health Care Facilities highlighted that three in five rural healthcare facilities lacks basic water service, four in five has no sanitation service. During an infectious disease outbreak, services should meet minimum quality standards and should be separated for infected vs. non-infected patients. Support should ensure services are not disrupted and products such as soap and alcohol-based hand sanitizers are available. These services should also be available in temporary HCFs and quarantine sites.
- Improving hand washing behavior, food hygiene, and safe water practices. Materials for handwashing and hygiene may include provision of fixed and portable handwashing facilities, purchase of soap and alcohol-based hand rubs, provision of water supplies for handwashing, and point of use water treatment. Schools, workplaces, markets, transport stations, and other areas where people gather all require easy access to handwashing facilities and water and soap for handwashing. Proven behavior change techniques can help increase the frequency and improve the practice of critical hygiene behaviors.
To Volunteer with our Water and Sanitation Project and Construction Work, Please fill the volunteer application form.
Ssamba Foundation – empowering vulnerable communities since 2006